How do you become a full-stack web developer using Python? If you’re looking for a step-by-step guide to learn how to do it, then you’re on the right page. Let’s talk about full-stack web development with Python today.
What is Full-Stack Web Development?
Full-stack web developer is kind of like an all-rounder. Web development can be classified into two parts: front-end web development and back-end web development.
What do these guys do in a web development project? A front-end developer works on designing the front-part(i.e., user interface) of a website. They make the websites look visually beautiful. A back-end developer deals with the hidden part of the website. For example, working with logic, handling databases, handling requests, etc.
A full-stack developer is a combination of both. They have front-end and back-end skills, and hence, they are capable of developing a complete web application.
If you want to become a full-stack developer, you need to learn how to create a complete web application from scratch. You can use Python frameworks like Django or Flask to develop web apps.
Now, let’s break down the whole process of becoming a full-stack Python developer into some actionable and easy steps.
1. Start Learning Front-end Web Development
You can either start from learning Python and the back-end stuff, or in a reverse way as well. If I were a complete beginner to web development, I would start with learning the front-end technologies. I think front-end development is a lot more fun at the start. Also, if you want to learn technologies like Django, you would need some front-end skills as well.
Start with HTML, and then you’ll be able to design a basic website without any design. HTML is a markup language that helps to create the basic parts of a website, like a header, image, paragraph, etc.
Along with HTML, you can also learn CSS, which is a language to add styles to your HTML web page. You can make your website colorful and beautiful with CSS. It is a pretty simple language, and you’ll be able to learn it very quickly.
At this point, you don’t need to become a master in these languages. Learn the fundamentals so that you can design the front-end of a website in a decent manner. Try to create at least one front-end project to implement what you’ve learned. If you are out of ideas, simply make a clone of a website you like the most.
I learned web development in 2016, from an online course called The Complete Front-end Web Developer Bootcamp from LearnCodeOnline. It was a great course, and it only cost me a very few bucks. You can also learn from other online platforms as well, either free or paid.
If you’ve created a project, you’re now confident enough to move to the next steps. Now, let’s explore some more technologies and take your web development skills to the next level.
2. Master the Fundamentals of Python
Now, it’s time to learn Python. Python is a popular, powerful, and syntax-friendly programming language. If you don’t know the basics of Python, now is the time to start learning it.
Python is relatively easy to understand, and you can pick it up if you can invest some time on it. Understand the basic syntax, how the code is written, how loops work, how to write functions, how to write conditional statements, etc.
If you want a free step by step guide on the fundamentals of Python, check out this article that I’ve created. You can also find a lot of courses and learning materials online. Feel free to learn from any of your favorite resources.
You don’t need to spend a lot of time in mastering Python. Learn the basics and move ahead to the next step. Most people stay at this stage for a long time, and will never advance in their careers. If you know how to write loops, if-else, conditions, and functions in Python, you’re good to go the next step.
3. Learn a Web Development Framework (Django or Flask)
Now, it’s time to learn a back-end web development framework. Python can’t do the back-end development without the help of these frameworks. There are mainly two Python frameworks available to do web development. They are Django and Flask.
Flask is a lightweight web development framework that you can easily learn without any difficulties. Flask is often used for small projects and is not as popular as Django. I would suggest you focus on Django.
Django is a bit difficult to learn at first. However, it’s not rocket science, and you can master it if you spend enough time working on it. Django has a model-view-template architecture and has a lot of unique features. Even though it is a bit difficult at the start, it is pretty simple once you master it.
Django will make your web development easy as well as powerful. So, learn Django and create some projects with it. For a start, I would recommend you to take the first step by installing Django and creating your first project. You can check out this article for help.
4. Create Real-World Projects
Once you learn the basics, create some projects that can solve real-world problems. Now, you know how fundamentals of the front-end technologies and the back-end stuff. Try to put all of your knowledge into practice and create some awesome web applications. If you need inspiration for a project idea or two, check out this guide that will give you 12 Django project ideas ripe for the taking.
Create as many projects as you can. You’ll learn a lot and gain some valuable experience by doing projects. I suggest you do at least one big project, like a complete web application with all the features. Try to solve some pain points that people face using your skills. At this point, you have a lot of magic powers at your fingertips, using which you can make an impact in this world.
5. Teach Programming and Help Others
If you would like to become a freelancer, you can make use of some pretty cool online platforms out there. But before that, you can do one hack to fasten the process. The hack is this: Teach what you know to other people.
There are a lot of aspiring programmers who are looking to learn web development skills. You don’t need to be an expert to teach them. You just need to be one step ahead of them. That’s it. Sometimes, people like you can relate to the students more than an expert can, because you’ve gone through that experience just a few weeks or months ago.
If you can find local clients to teach programming to, that’s great. If you can’t, no worries. There are online platforms like Wyzant, TeacherOn, Takelessons, etc., which are very good. I use TakeLessons, which is pretty popular in my place.
You can find a lot of clients on these platforms, and you can charge an hourly rate to teach them. Most people skip this step, but it is a simple shortcut to your successful freelancing career.
If you can teach your skills to others, your technical knowledge will become solid, you’ll improve your communication skills, and you’ll get some experience to put on your portfolio. Later, when you want to get freelance projects, it’ll be a lot easier for you. You can continue teaching as long as you’ll get some big freelance projects.
You might know the hurdles and difficulties that you’ve faced while learning to code. Try to solve those problems which other people may be facing, and help them as much as you can. If you help more people, you’ll grow way faster.
6. Apply for Jobs or Find Freelance Clients
Once you’ve completed some cool web development projects using Django, its time to take your skills to the next level. Now, you are ready to make some money using your web development skills. If you want to apply for a regular 9-5 job, of course, you can do that. If that’s your way to go, then apply for web developer positions at companies and show them your skills and projects.
If you want to get hired in a company, put yourself in the shoes of the employer. If you were that guy offering the job, what would be your expectations about the employee that you’re going to hire? Try to match your profile to that level of expectations. You need to prove your skills if you want to get hired. If you’ve done enough projects, you can confidently show them your skills with ease.
To apply for freelance work, make use of online platforms like Upwork, Freelancer, Fiverr, etc. You can also find local clients if you can do some research. For example, you can look for people in your area who want to bring their businesses online. If you have no experience to show, you can tell them that you’ll only charge them if they like the website that you’ve created.
At first, you can do some real-world projects like these to gain experience. Then, you’ll gradually get more and more clients if you can put in the effort. When you get more clients, you can increase your hourly rate as well.
Becoming a full-stack python developer is not all rocket science. If you’re passionate enough, you can become a successful web developer. I gave these tips and thoughts based on my experience. I hope this article gave you some insights to help you on your journey.
Take some action today that will move you at least one step closer to your goal. If you’ve read the article this far, I know you’re pretty much keen on doing this. I don’t want my readers to consume my content and walk away without taking action.
Before you leave, I want to point you to an article that I’ve written where I’ve mentioned some helpful tips that you can implement to become a better programmer. Do check it out.
If you have any doubts or queries, feel free to let me know in the comments section. I’ll be happy to help you.
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