Full-stack web development is an amazing modern career and there are various ways to become a full-stack developer. Almost all the major programming languages have one or more web frameworks that you can use at the back-end.
Front-End Web Development
First of all, let’s see how you can become a front-end developer. Once you become good at front-end, you can learn some back-end technologies and become a full-stack developer who can build an entire web application.
For front-end, you obviously need to learn HTML and CSS, which are the two core front-end technologies. HTML is used to build the structure and layout of a website, whereas CSS is used to add design to the website. With HTML and CSS, you can build basic web pages without many functionalities. Also, learning the Bootstrap framework will be very handy.
Angular is a front-end framework developed by Google, which was initially released in 2010. Later, Facebook developed the React framework and use it for their products. In 2014, an ex-Google employee developed the Vue framework, which has earned a lot of popularity recently.
All these three frameworks have some familiarities and many differences. You can check out this article for a detailed comparison of Angular, React, and Vue.
Now that you know the front-end stuff, let’s see how you can add some back-end technologies and become a complete full-stack developer.
Back-End Web Development
Along with Node.js, you also need to learn a database technology. For building large-scale web applications, you need to have the technology ready to store and manage a lot of data. Also, you should be able to create a login system with restrictive pages and connect the website to the database.
There are many popular database technologies like MySQL, Postgres, MongoDB, etc. I would suggest you learn MongoDB as it is a great technology that is quite modern.
If you can add MongoDB to your arsenal along with Node.js and front-end technologies, you are now a complete full-stack web developer.
Node.js and Mongo DB along with a front-end framework is a great combination to do full-stack web development. You might have heard about popular web development stacks like MEAN (MongoDB, Express, Angular, Node) and MERN (MongoDB, Express, React, Node). And recently, the MEVN (MongoDB, Express, Vue, Node) stack is also getting a lot of popularity around the programming world.
Full-Stack Web Development
Once you have learned the technologies, you must do some real-world projects combining all the technologies. Think of some ideas and build a complete web application that is ready to use, and deploy it on a server using Heroku or some other web hosts.
It’s easy to find project ideas. You can think about some creative ideas, or try to automate some tasks for any companies that you know. If you don’t get any ideas, clone some great websites that are there online. Ideas can be cheap, but the execution is the key.
Freelancing is another option that you can try to advance your skills along with making some money. Look for some businesses or shops in your area and ask them whether they need a web application to automate their processes or to market their business. Also, tell your friends and relatives about your web development skills so that they’ll refer clients to you if they come across any.
You can also sign up on freelancing platforms like Upwork, Fiverr, Freelancer, etc., and look for web development clients all over the world. It can be a bit hard to get clients initially. But once you get some projects and you develop a good portfolio, it will be easy for you to get clients and earn money with your skills.
If you are interested, apply for full-stack development roles in software companies. Don’t wait for a long time to become a perfect fit for the role. You’ll never be sure that you are perfect for a role. Just apply for as many roles as you can and hopefully, you’ll get the right job.
If you want to learn all these technologies and become a full-stack web developer, let me suggest you some great courses. The MERN Stack Front To Back course by Brad Traversy is the first one I’ll recommend. This is a great course if you want to go full-stack with React. It is less expensive, but it’s the bestseller course on Udemy. You can check out the course contents by clicking here.
If you are going for Angular at the front end, I would suggest Angular & NodeJS – The MEAN Stack Guide, and if you want to learn Vue, I would suggest Vue – The Complete Guide. Both these courses are created by Maxmilian Schwarzmuller and they are highly rated on Udemy. Check them out if you’re interested.